Globalization refers to the increasing interconnectedness of the world’s economies, societies, and cultures through trade, communication, technology, and migration. Cultural anthropologists study the effects of globalization on cultures by examining how global processes influence local practices and identities. They explore issues such as cultural homogenization, the spread of consumer culture, and the ways in which communities adapt to and resist global forces. Anthropologists also consider the role of transnational networks and diasporas in shaping contemporary cultural dynamics.